Recently a Logos blog appeared showing how to research a hapax legomenon in the Bible. This Greek phrase literally means “something said only once” and it refers to a word which appears only once in a literary context or an author’s works. The blog correctly points out that numerous hapax legomena occur in the New Testament.
A Logos user then inquired of me:
Using Logos, how do I discover the hapax legomena in the Bible?
It may surprise you that the answer is incredibly simple with the Concordance tool!
- Choose Tools | Concordance
- Build a Concordance report for an interlinear Bible such as the ESV (Please be patient. The first time you build a report for an interlinear Bible takes 3-5 minutes) (A)
- Designate from the drop down list your desired verse range such as New Testament (B)
- Select from the drop down list Lemma as the reference to search (C)
- Type in the sidebar in the Count boxes 1 to 1 (D)
- Select in the sidebar Bible Text in the Field section (E)
- Notice the results section on the right displaying the Greek lemmas which only appear 1 time in the New Testament! (F)
Of course, you can change the verse range to Old Testament to find the Hebrew lemmas only appearing 1 time!
For even more fun, change the resource to search to any resource in your library to discover all of the words appearing only 1 time in that book.
The key is to always set the Count to 1 to 1!