Please read carefully the following sets of sentences.
- I like spaghetti.
- I love pizza.
- Even though I like spaghetti.
- I love pizza.
Did you notice the difference? Both sets communicate the same facts: Moe likes spaghetti and loves pizza. The second set, however, builds anticipation with even though and adds emphasis to pizza!
This is an example of a Discourse Feature that Faithlife’s own, Dr. Steve Runge refers to as a counterpoint/point set. In fact, this construction along with dozens of other discourse features appear throughout both the Old and New Testaments, but unfortunately many have been lost in translation.
Dr. Runge, however, along with his colleague, Dr. Joshua Westbury, have identified and labeled numerous discourse features so we can see more clearly the details of Hebrew and Greek, even though we may not be language scholars.
PLEASE NOTE these features are available in the Silver and above collections as well as the Full Feature Set.
For example try this:
- Open an interlinear Bible such as the NASB to Matthew 9:37 (A)
- Notice the statements in the NASB:
- The harvest is plentiful
- The workers are few
This is basically the same construction as my spaghetti/pizza example. There is, however, in the Greek text a small word (men) that doesn’t get translated. It’s important because it actually sets up the but and emphasizes the workers are few.
So let’s take a look at the Discourse Features Visual Filter which shows us this detail:
- Click the Visual Filters icon on the Bible’s toolbar (B)
- Expand and select Discourse features (Greek) (C)
- Select Point (Clause Level) (D) and Counter Point (Clause Level) (E)
- Notice the:
- next to harvest is plentiful (F)
- next to workers are few (G)
- Rest the cursor on a hyperlinked icon to see a brief explanation of the feature (H)
As you read Dr. Runge’s remarks in the Discourse Features resources you’ll discover a very clumsy albeit accurate interpretation of the verse could be:
On the one hand the harvest is plentiful, but on the other hand the workers are few!
This subtlety in the Greek adds detail and emphasis to Jesus’ admonition to pray for workers!
To further introduce you to the Discourse Features dataset and Visual Filter please join me for a FREE 50 minute webinar June 17th at 2pm CST.
You can register for FREE here and by participating in the webinar you’ll receive a discount code to save up to 50% on select Runge resources!
Can’t make the June 17 time slot? No problem. Go ahead and click here to register and you’ll receive instructions on how to watch the webinar when it’s convenient for you.